Why Cadaveric Organ Donation Program?
In India, about 1 in 10 people suffer from kidney failure. Every year millions die prematurely of complications related to kidney disease. A person can loose up to 90% of their kidney function before experiencing any symptoms. Only about 4000 Kidney transplants take place per year. Out of that, only 1% are cadaveric kidney transplant. There is not a better situation in cases of other organ failure patients. It will not be out of place to mention here that transplant of organs leads to quality life.
Organ donation and transplantation is permitted by law, and is covered under the ”Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA) 1994”, which has allowed live & deceased organ donation. In 2011, the Amendment of the Act also brought in, donation of human Tissues, thereby calling the Amended Act “Transplantation of Human Organs & Tissue Act 2011”.
This Act regulates removal, storage and transplantation of organ for therapeutic purpose and prevents commercial dealing in human organs. No human Organs can be brought or sold.
Brain Stem Death (BSD):
Brain stem is an important part of brain that sustains life. Brain stem dead person is an unconscious, dependent patient, who cannot breathe on his own and is breathing through a ventilator, even though one can feet his pulse, blood pressure and other sign of life. The lack of functioning of the brain stem is sign of death and the rest of the body will eventually stop functioning even if the ventilator is continued.
There is different between coma patients and brain dead individual. The coma patient are not dead whereas brain stem death is the irreversible stage beyond coma, as the person can either regain consciousness nor breathing capability. The heart can continue to function due to ventilator for a few hours to few days & it is during this period that the organs can be retrieved after obtaining consent from the close relatives. Organs are never taken at the cost of donor’s life.
Declaration of Brain Stem Death:
Brain stem death is declared by the brain stem death committee, which involves team of four doctors recognized by the Govt. and who are not involved in performing the transplant surgery. The team has to perform the brain stem tests twice with at least a gap of 6 hrs. This death is declared only in hospitals recognized for retrieval / transplantation.
The vital organs are taken only after the person is declared brain stem dead.
Who Can Be A Donor?
Anyone! Any man or woman of any race, religion or age can donate his / her organs. A transplant team will judge the medical suitability of donated organs when the time comes to use them.
Does Body Get Disfigured Post Organ Donation?
Taking out organs is a dignified procedure; it does not disfigure the body and does not interfere in anyway in final rites.
Who Will Receive The Organs?
There are a few steps for the receiving of organs that are as below:
Name of the recipient has to be registered as a cadaver organ receiver in kidney transplant institute.
There is a committee formed who takes appropriate decision in the selection of the recipient based on a few criteria such as age, employed or unemployed, time since dialysis commenced, family donor, any previous transplants etc.
The organs will be transplanted into those patients who need them most urgently. Recipient selection is based on medical criteria like blood group, result of cross matching and body size. Social and financial status is never a criteria in selecting recipients.
Cadaver Organ Donor and Recipient Name Disclosure
Yes, we do disclose the names of cadaver organ donors and recipients on the second day through print and visual media, social media, website and personally as well. Not only this, we conduct a felicitation program for the organ donor family and also make them meet the recipients and his / her family. From these activities, the people of different sections of society take inspiration in coming forward towards the noble act of organ donation.